Gennembrud i FN – indfører ekspert på seksuel orientering og kønsidentitet

Den 30. juni stemte FNs Menneskerettighedråd for en ny resolution, som omhandler seksuel orientering og kønsidentitet (SOGI). Det er den tredje i rækken af SOGI-resolutioner i FN.

Det historiske i denne resolution er, at FN skal oprette en uafhængig ekspert, som skal overvåge og dokumentere menneskerettighedskrænkelser, udgive rapporter om årsager, rettigheder og huller i beskyttelsen og sammen med stater sætte fokus SOGI-forhold, identificere best-practices og opfordre til reformer.

Aktivister og diplomater fejrer vedtagelsen i Geneve. Foto: Yahia Zaidi

Aktivister og diplomater fejrer vedtagelsen i Geneve. Foto: Yahia Zaidi

”Etableringen af en uafhængig ekspert er et meget vigtigt skridt i rigtig retning for den globale LGBTI+ bevægelse. Med en uafhængig ekspert på SOGI, kan der sikres en systematisk gennemgang af overgreb og diskrimination, som sker verden over på baggrund af seksuel orientering, kønsidentitet, kønsudtryk eller kønskarakteristikker. Vedrørende den uafhængige eksperts fremtidige gennemgang af SOGI-forhold i Danmark, håber vi især, at udfordringer, som mødes af trans personer bliver fremhævet, samt den manglende juridiske beskyttelse mod diskrimination uden for arbejdsområdet.” – Karoline Barkvoll Holstad, FN-politisk talsperson, LGBT Danmark.

Læs pressemeddelelsen fra LGBT Danmark og 26 andre NGO’er, som har arbejdet for etableringen af den uafhængige ekspert:

For Immediate Release:

United Nations Makes History on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity
UN human rights body establishes an Independent Expert

(Geneva, June 30, 2016)

In a defining vote, the United Nations Human Rights Council adopted a resolution on “Protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation, and gender identity”, to mandate the appointment of an Independent Expert on the subject. It is a historic victory for the human rights of all persons who are at risk of discrimination and violence because of their sexual orientation or gender identity, 28 human rights groups said today. This resolution builds upon two previous resolutions, adopted by the Council in 2011 and 2014.

The Core Group of seven Latin American countries – Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Uruguay – and 41 additional countries jointly presented the text.

The resolution was adopted by a vote of 23 in favor, 18 against and 6 abstentions.

“This is truly momentous,” said Micah Grzywnowicz from the Swedish Federation for LGBTQ Rights, RFSL. “This is our opportunity to bring international attention to specific violations and challenges faced by transgender and gender non-conforming persons in all regions. It’s time for international community to take responsibility to ensure that persons at risk of violence and discrimination because of gender identity are not left behind.”

“It’s an historic resolution,” added Josefina Valencia from International LGBTI Association for Latin America and the Caribbean, ILGA LAC. “Latin America has played a very important role to build a common course for the advancement of our human rights. We are proud of the international solidarity and the commitment shown by States for equality.”

The positive vote responds to a joint campaign of a record 628 nongovernmental organizations from 151 countries calling on the Council to adopt the resolution and create the SOGI Independent Expert.

”It is important to note that around 70% of the organizations are from the global south,” said Yahia Zaidi of MantiQitna Network. “This is a powerful cross regional message of strength to the United Nations to protect the rights of LGBTI persons. The Independent Expert will be a focal point for all violations based on SOGI and hence help grassroots organizations to better utilize the otherwise complex labyrinth of the UN system.”

The Expert will be tasked with assessing implementation of existing international human rights law, identifying best practices and gaps, raising awareness of violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, engaging in dialogue and consultation with States and other stakeholders, and facilitating provision of advisory services, technical assistance, capacity-building and cooperation to help address violence and discrimination on these grounds.

“To have an Independent Expert can be a ‘game-changer’ in counter-acting violence which fuels the HIV epidemic in key populations and more specifically in LGBT communities,” said Alain Kra of Espace Confiance.

“It will ease the work of all human rights defenders and it is essential for our governments and people to have the knowledge on how to protect LGBT communities from any violence and discrimination they face,” added Joleen Mataele of the Tonga Leiti’s Association.

Although a number of hostile amendments seeking to introduce notions of cultural relativism were adopted into the text by vote, the core of the resolution affirming the universal nature of international human rights law stood firm.

We hope that this resolution will mark a turning point in the struggle to create a world free from violence and discrimination for all people regardless of sexual orientation and gender identity.

Results of the vote

Voting in favor of the resolution

Albania, Belgium, Bolivia, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Georgia, Germany, Latvia, Macedonia, Mexico, Mongolia, Netherlands, Panama, Paraguay, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Slovenia, Switzerland, UK, Venezuela, Viet Nam

Voting against the resolution

Algeria, Bangladesh, Burundi, China, Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Maldives, Morocco, Nigeria, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Togo, United Arab Emirates

Abstaining on the resolution

Botswana, Ghana, India, Namibia, Philippines, South Africa

Press contacts

1. Access Chapter
2. AIDES France
3. Amnesty International 4. ARC International / Arvind Narrain / / +41 78 632 3605 (Switzerland)
5. Clóset de Sor Juana AC
6. Egale Canada Human Rights Trust
7. Espacio de Mujeres Lesbianas Salvadoreñas por la Diversidad (ESMULES)
8. Federatie van Nederlandse Verenigingen tot Integratie van Homoseksualiteit – COC Nederland / Alexander Hammelburg / +31622698765 / (Netherlands)
9. Foundation for SOGI Rights and Justice (FORSOGI), Thailand
10. FRI, the Norwegian Organisation for Sexual and Gender Diversity
11. GALANG Philippines
12. Human Rights Law Centre 13. Human Rights Watch / John Fisher / / +41 79 508 3968 (Switzerland)
14. Iranti-org / Jabu Periera / +27 82 957 5349 (South Africa)
15. International Commission of Jurists
16. ILGA LAC, Asociación Internacional de Lesbianas, Gays, Bisexuales, Trans e Intersexuales para América Latina y el Caribe. / Paul Caballero / +54 91 123 974 909 (Argentina)
17. International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA) / André du Plessis / / +41 79 678 1229 (Switzerland)
18. Lesbians, Gays and Bisexuals of Botswana (LEGABIBO)

19. LGBT Denmark – the National Organization for Gay Men, Lesbians, Bisexuals and Transgendered People / Karoline Barkvoll Holstad / +45 42 76 49 93 / Martin Christensen / +45 50 22 89 29

20. MantiQitna Network / Yahia Zaidi /
21. OutRight Action International / Jessica Stern / +1 917 355 3262 (USA)
22. Pacific Sexual Diversity Network 23. Pan Africa ILGA / Monica Tabengwa / / +27 76 795 8245 (Botswana/South Africa)
24. Proyecto Arcoiris, colectivo anticapitalista e independiente / +53 5384 9062 / (Cuba)
25. Samoa Faafafine Association
26. Swedish Federation for LGBTQ Rights (RFSL) – Micah Grzywnowicz / / +46 735 41 96 44 (Sweden)
27. TLF Share Collective – Philippines
28. Tonga Leitis Association